Pronunciation Key

Vowels

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SoundITRANS KeyCommentVideo
Click icon on the right to listen and view pronunciation of all vowels in a single video.  
aaas sound of "a" in ahead, metal {short "a" }  
aaAas sound of "a" in in arm, cart, bar or as sound of "i" in ice, bite, fire {long "a"} 
iias sound of "i" in pencil, credible {short "i" } 
eeIas sound of "i" in if, give, mirror {long "i" } or as sound of "ee" in esteem 
uuas sound of "u" in push, pull 
oouuas sound of "o" in soon, fool {long "u" } or as sound of "u" in rule 
eeas sound of "e" in egg, bed, merry or as sound of "a" in age, aim, came 
aiaias sound of "ei" in Eikman 
ooas sound of "o" in go, low  
auausimilar to the sound of "ow" in cow (if it pronounced as single syllable) 
.n or .m or -N- or -M-aMas sound of "um" in number, sound of "um" as in jump 
.ah.ahsound of "h" with hard stop 

Consonants

SoundITRANS KeyCommentVideo
Click icon on the right to listen and view pronunciations of all consonants in a single video  
kkas sound of "k" in karate 
khkhas sound of "kh" in khaki 
ggas sound of "g" in gum 
ghghas sound of "gh" in ghost 
xn~Nsimilar to the sound of "n" in bring, thing 
chchas sound of "ch" in chuck;use of middle palate 
cxhchas sound of "ch" in chuck;use of front palate 
chhChsimilar to the "ch" in chuck , but with the release of breath, or aspiration. 
jjas sound of "j" in jug 
jxjvariation of sound of "j" in jug; use of front palate 
This video elaborates further on the mystery of two distinct pronunciation for the same consonant: j  
zjhas sound of "z" in lazy 
zhjhvariation of sound of "z" in lazy; use of middle palate 
yn~ndistinct sound of "y" and "n" pronounced together 
tTas sound of "t" in tune, hit 
tdhThsound of "dh" using back palate and moving toung down instantantly blowing air out 
dDas sound of "d" in done 
dhvDhsound of "dh" using back palate as sound of "dh" in "adhere" 
tnNsound of "n" using middle palate. 
tvt soft sound of "t" , dental sound of "t" as sound of "t" in Spanish word "tamale"  
thth as sound of "th" in thumb, thick  
dvd as sound of "th" in mother, there  
dhdh as sound of "th" in this  
nn as sound of "n" in nun, none  
pp as sound of "p" in pun  
fph as sound of "f" in firm  
bb as sound of "b" in bum  
bhbh as sound of "b" using lips and saying "b" and "h" together as in "bhaji"  
mm as sound of "m" in mother  
yy as sound of "ye" in yes  
rr as sound of "ru" in run  
ll as sound of "lo" in love  
wv as sound of "wo" in work  
shsh as sound of "sh" in shun {middle palate}  
hshhsh close to the sound of "ssion" in mission {back palate}  
ss as sound of "so" in some  
hh as sound of "hu" in hut  
hlL as sound of "l" using back/middle palate  
kshx as sound of letters "ksh" pronunced together  
dnj~n distinct sound similar to nasal and front palate sound of "n"  
xrR distinct sound similar to gutteral sound of r  
tvrtr as sound of "tr" in Russian word peristroika Or close to the sound of "tr" in tree if used front palate.